Sports traditionally considered masculine (e.g., ice hockey) are perceived to be related to violence (Koivula, 2011). But is violence a gender thing? Actually, to be precise, let’s distinguish between sex (biological and physiological characteristics) and gender (socially constructed role expectations).
Are men more likely to be violent due to, let’s say, higher testosterone levels? Or maybe because they are expected to be because it is ‘masculine’? How big a role does a social, cultural and sports context play here? If violence in sport is tolerated and even celebrated does it make a player more inclined to act accordingly? Is it simply the question of personal values and attitudes? What role does a mob mentality play here? Is violence socially constructed? Is there place for violence in sports at all?
This was my train of thought in relation to the video bellow. Many questions, no answers. What is your opinion?
Koivula, N. (2001). Perceived Characteristics of Sports Categorized as Gender-Neutral, Feminine and Masculine. Journal of Sport Behavior, 24(4), 377-393.